Boarding School Era essays from South High’s All Nations Program

South High teacher Laura Yost Manthey’s 9th and  10th grade students in the All Nations Program have been studying the boarding school era, including reading “The Good Path” by Thomas Peacock and Marlene Wisur, and watching the film “Where the Spirit Lives.” Below are excerpts from some of the essays the students wrote expressing their thoughts and feelings about what they learned. To read all the essays, see:

UMD’s MTAG Program graduates move into higher positions
Friday, October 02 2015
Written by Dr. Ed Minnema,
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mtag_graduates.jpgThe Master of Tribal Administration and Governance (MTAG) program at UMD graduated its first cohort in 2013. Since then at least four MTAG graduates have become elected tribal officials in the Minnesota – Wisconsin region. Most recently, Jason (Jay) Schlender (MTAG ’13) and Jason Weaver (MTAG ’16) were elected to the Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa tribal council. Jay and Jason were sworn in July 7, 2015.

Also from the Class of 2013 was Carolyn Beaulieu, who had been a tribal administrator at the Mille Lacs Reservation and was elected Secretary-Treasurer of the Mille Lacs Band in 2014. Similarly, in 2014 Annette Johnson was elected the Treasurer of the Red Lake Band of Chippewa after graduating from MTAG in 2013. The Class of 2014 included sitting Tribal Councilman Brooks Big John who said, “.... The curriculum is relevant, the professors are knowledgeable, and the staff is professional. The diverse experience and expertise of my classmates has made learning again a pleasure not a burden or challenge.” Brooks serves on the council of the Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians.
MTAG now has over sixty students or grads in California, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Michigan, North and South Dakota, Wisconsin, Washington State and Minnesota.

The MTAG program has also included several tribal executive directors or people who became head administrators after graduating. The first cohort included Cory Strong of the Bois Forte Band of Chippewa and Tiger Brown Bull of the Oglala Lakota Nation, both were promoted to the position of tribal executive director after completing MTAG.

The MTAG program was developed through two years of tribal consultation from 2009-11. From the consultation, several ideas and courses rose to the top: a year-long course on tribal sovereignty in which the entire history of federal, tribal and state relations is examined; a year- long course in tribal leadership and ethics; and a series of courses in tribal management (strategic, operations, human resources and project management) all of these courses were geared for tribal governments. Johnson said, “The MTAG program was designed for tribal governments by tribal governments.”

The consultation also revealed that people wanted a better understanding of the complexities of tribal finance, accounting and budgets – and Federal Indian law –which were added. MTAG is a 2 year program that meets with 4 synchronous meetings each semester, which can be attended in person or online – the rest of the program is online. The 35 tribes of the Midwest Alliance of Sovereign Tribes (MAST) endorsed the program with a resolution, and MTAG was approved by the University of Minnesota Regents in February of 2011.

With the success of MTAG, UMD is adding a new all online Bachelor’s degree in Tribal Administration and Governance (TAG) this fall. The new TAG program is designed for persons who have an Associate of Arts degree and want a totally online program. However, the TAG program can easily accommodate students with other academic backgrounds. While consulting with Indian people and non- Indian people on and off reservations, we discovered many potential non-traditional students who had gone to Tribal Community Colleges, or gone to college for a year or two, and then settled down, had children and were looking for ways to complete their Bachelor’s degree online and work for tribal governments. MTAG Director Johnson says, “We believe the TAG program will fill this need.”

For more info on MTAG, see: . For the TAG program see: or call Tami Lawlor at 218-726-7332.

Breaking the Veils
Tuesday, October 13 2009
Written by Julie Michener,
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A unique and compelling international art exhibition that challenges contemporary stereotypes about the lives of women in the Islamic World and celebrates their artistic contribution in shaping rich, cultural heritage.

Artist include: 51 women artist living in Muslim cultures in 21 different countries as diverse as Sudan, Malaysia, Turkey, Iran, Pakistan, as well as Levant, the Gulf states and North Africa.

Organized by: The ArtReach Foundation, Royal Society of Fine Arts Jordan and the Pan-Mediterranean Women Artists Network, Greece(Femme-Art-Mѐditerranѐe, or "FAM")

Sunday, May 10 2009
Written by Angel Harding,
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Many bad and horrible things happened to Native Americans during the boarding school era that caused us and them all to be very courageous. First of all, many of our people were suffering way back then, even today they are. False promises were also a problem for us, they tricked Native people to give up their land in return for food and things like that, but they were never granted what was supposed to be given. Hatred was a very common thing towards native people and caused emotional suffering as well. They had a large loss of family to warfare and diseases like smallpox, and influenza that also made their emotions worse.

A lot of Native Americans were suffering from broken hearts and spirits. Mainly because of war, poverty, disease, and the loss of their people. It lasted so long and they were forced to do many things they didn’t want to do. Like forgetting their native ways and adopting the white man ways. That also means making them forget their native language.

The main reasons for Native People having to be so courageous in that era is because the only way for them to stay strong and get it over with was to be courageous. They had to stick together through lots of stuff and help each other. Stuff we still deal with today. Like racism, warfare, poverty, and diseases. They wanted to interrupt communication that the children had with their elders. And they wanted to christianize them and control them.


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