People came from the Four Directions to gather at the historic village of Wounded Knee, on the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota, on the forty year anniversary of Wounded Knee 1973. Wounded Knee veterans and many non Indian supporters arrived for three days of activities to honor those who participated in Wounded Knee in 1973, and to honor the 250 Indian people who were massacred in 1890 by the US Calvary and are buried in a mass grave at Wounded Knee.
The three days of activities included the 30th anniversary of KILI Radio
Station, the first Indian owned and operated public radio station in
the US (KILI Radio Station was founded by AIM in 1983). KILI sponsored a
feast and a powwow at the Prairie Winds Casino.
The second day
included environmental workshops sponsored by the American Indian
Scientific and Engineering Society chapter of Oglala Lakota College,
followed by a music concert at the Porcupine School. The concert
included local and nationally known performers.
On the third day
there was a “Four Directions March” to Wounded Knee that came together
at the mass grave site. Hundreds of people joined the march. Prayers and
ceremonies were conducted at the grave site. That evening a feast was
served honoring the Wounded Knee Veterans, the Wounded Knee Legal
Defense/Offense Committee and all non Indian supporters. After the feast
there was a big powwow.
In February of 1973 the Oglala Sioux Civil
Rights Organization (OSCRO), led by Vern Long and Pedro Bissonette
invited the American Indian Movement (AIM) to the Pine Ridge Reservation
to help fight against massive human rights violations being committed
by the Bureau of Indian Affairs Police and the Tribal Government. After
many days of meetings with local reservation residents the chiefs and
headsmen of the Oglala Lakota chose the site of Wounded Knee for a
massive protest. The protest was met by gunfire from the BIA. OSCRO and
AIM returned fire to protect the hundreds of women and children present
and for 71 days Indian people and the US Government negotiated to bring
an end to the conflict.
The U.S. fired over 500,000 rounds of
ammunition into Wounded Knee during the 71 day liberation. One US
Marshall was wounded, AIM members Frank Clearwater and Buddy LaMont were
killed and several other Indian warriors were wounded. The majority of
Indian people who stayed in Wounded Knee, during the 71 days, and were
later charged with Federal Crimes were Oglala Lakota tribal members and