Twin Cities Public Television (TPT) wa awarded an Upper Midwest Emmy for First Speakers: Restoring the Ojibwe Language, a documentary funded through Minnesota’s Legacy Amendment. First Speakers follows a new generation of Ojibwe scholars and educators racing against time to save one of Minnesota’s Native languages.
One of those endangered tongues is the Ojibwe language. Now this new generation of educators are working with the remaining fluent-speaking Ojibwe elders, hoping to pass the language on to the next generation.
Told by Ojibwe elders, scholars, writers, historians and teachers, the TPT original production is filled with hope for the future. As recent as World War II, the Ojibwe language (referred to as Ojibwemowin in Ojibwe) was the language of everyday life for the Anishinaabe and historically the language of the Great Lakes fur trade.
Now this indigenous language from where place names like Bemidji, Biwabik, Sheboygan, Nebish, and Mahnomen received their names is endangered.
The loss of land and political autonomy, combined with the damaging effects of U.S. government policies aimed at assimilating Native Americans through government run boarding schools, have led to the steep decline in the use of the language.
Anton Treuer, historian, author and professor of Ojibwe at Bemidji State University and featured in First Speakers: Restoring the Ojibwe Language, estimates there are fewer than one thousand fluent Ojibwe speakers left in the United States, mostly older and concentrated in small pockets in northern Minnesota with fewer than one hundred speakers in Wisconsin, Michigan and North Dakota combined.
Narrated by acclaimed Ojibwe writer, Louise Erdrich, First Speakers tells their contemporary and inspirational story. As told through Ojibwe elders, scholars, writers, historians and teachers, the TPT original production reveals some of the current strategies and challenges that are involved in trying to carry forward the language.
First Speakers takes viewers inside two Ojibwe immersion schools: Niigaane Ojibwemowin Immersion School on the Leech Lake Reservation near Bena, Minnesota and the Waadookodaading Ojibwe Language Immersion Charter School on the Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation near Hayward, Wisconsin. In both programs, students are taught their academic content from music to math entirely in the Ojibwe language and within the values and traditional practices of the Ojibwe culture. Unique to the schools is the collaboration between fluent speaking elders and the teachers who have learned Ojibwe as their second language.
First Speakers: Restoring the Ojibwe Language provides a window into their innovative and intergenerational learning experience and the language they are determined to save.
Red Lake;s fluent speakers Eugene Stillday, Anna Gibbs, Rose Tainter, Susan Johnson, and Larry Stillday are featured prominently in the production. Much of the documentary was filmed on the Red Lake Indian Reservation at Ponemah.
DVDs are expected to be available soon. Or watch online for free at: www.tpt.org/?a=productions&id=3.