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Political Matters
Native Issues in the Halls of Government
Friday, July 08 2011
 
Written by Mordecai Specktor,
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Dakota memories of 1862
Some hard feelings don't soften that much with time - even after 150 years. The dispossession of the Dakota people from their homeland, in what became the State of Minnesota, is one example of unresolved historical pain.
Cora Jones, the tribal secretary of the Santee Sioux Nation, recently met me for a chat at the Wolves Den, the caf? in the Minneapolis American Indian Center. She is retired from a career that included work as a medical lab technician and with the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
Now she is active with a small committee of Santees that is trying to provide input into the upcoming events that will commemorate the 150th anniversary of the 1862 U.S.-Dakota War that raged in southwestern Minnesota. This tragic chapter in the history of the nascent North Star State involved much bloodshed between European settlers and the native Dakota people. The warfare culminated in the cruel internment of Dakota men, women and children below Ft. Snelling, and the hanging of 38 Dakotas in Mankato on Dec. 26, 1862 - the largest mass execution in U.S. history.
Treaty fishing in Minneapolis
Friday, June 10 2011
 
Written by The Circle Staff,
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protests fish lake cedar.jpgCedar Lake, long famous for its skinny-dipping beach, was the site of an unusual treaty rights demonstration on May 13. Local Dakota activists put a net into the south Minneapolis lake and caught several dozen fish, which were confiscated, along with the gill net, by Department of Natural Resources officers.
The Dakota are asserting their rights under the 1805 Treaty between the United States of America and the "Sioux Nation of Indians." As I recall, there is a bronze marker on a large rock by Lake of the Isles that shows a map of the treaty area, which extends from Ft. Snelling across the scenic lakes in south Minneapolis. The treaty describes the Sioux land cession, about 100,000 acres, as "from below the confluence of the Mississippi and St. Peters [Minnesota], up the Mississippi, to include the falls of St. Anthony [in downtown Minneapolis], extending nine miles on each side of the river."
Many Americans misunderstand the nature of treaty rights, and think that hunting and fishing rights are something given by the U.S. to the Indians. Rather, in 19th century land cession treaties, the Indian nations (which often had military supremacy over U.S. forces) gave up land and retained their rights to hunt, fish and gather in their traditional way.
Native Issues in the Halls of Government
Friday, June 10 2011
 
Written by Mordecai Specktor,
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Update on wild rice and sulfates
As I wrote in this column last month, some Minnesota lawmakers are intent on throwing out a section of environmental law that protects wild rice waters, in order to ease the way for copper-nickel mining in the northeastern part of the state.
Native Issues in the Halls of Government
Tuesday, May 10 2011
 
Written by by Mordecai Specktor,
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Wild rice and sulfate levels
The 2011 Minnesota Legislature has adopted a two-pronged approach to American Indian concerns: allow increasing levels of water pollution to kill wild rice beds and expand gambling to wreck the tribal casino economy. It's really breathtaking - and it's a bipartisan effort.
The Republicans, who took over both houses of the Legislature in the 2010 elections, are leading the charge to put slot machines in every bar, restaurant and Porta-Potty across the North Star State. DFLers - notably Sen. Tom Bakk, from Cook, and Rep. Tom Rukavina, from Virginia - are pushing the effort to loosen environmental regulations on behalf of the foreign-owned copper-nickel mining firms exploring in northeastern Minnesota.
In my August 2010 column, I wrote about the companies lining up to tear up the north woods in the pursuit of sulfide mining. This type of mining would be new to Minnesota; but it has a terrible track record of polluting surface waters with toxic metals across the western U.S.
In Minnesota, concern is growing that run-off from copper-nickel mine waste will pollute waterways that support wild rice beds. Since some of the mining projects are within the 1854 Treaty Ceded Territory, Ojibwe tribal officials are closely monitoring the proposed extractive projects.
The current legislative wrangle - which is not getting as much attention as, say, efforts to build a new Vikings stadium - concerns the water protection standard for wild rice waters.
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