Canoe route doesn’t have input from Native community


A proposed canoe route through the Twin Cities portion of the Mississippi River seeks to host thousands of children at camp grounds built upon Native American holy sites along the river.

In May representatives of the Urban Wilderness Canoe Adventures (UWCA), National Park Service, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Boy Scouts of America, Friends of the Mississippi River, City of St. Paul, and Minneapolis Public Schools met at Picnic Island in Fort Snelling State Park, to tout a plan to facilitate canoe travel though the Mississippi Gorge, a 50-mile stretch that cuts across the Twin Cities metro area. The Gorge currently contains no designated campsites.

Across a narrow channel of sludge strangled water, the flood plain upon

which a Dakota concentration camp once stood went unacknowledged by the

eighty politicians, educators, bureaucrats, and reporters attending the

meeting. UWCA stakeholders paid lip service to “the Dakota belief that

this area is the center of the world.” Dakota people, however, were not

represented at the meeting.

Spearheading the UWCA effort is Minneapolis-based Wilderness Inquiry, a

non-profit organization whose mission “is to help people from all walks

of life to personally experience the natural world.” According to its

promotional literature, Wilderness Inquiry “aims to serve 10,000 youth

per year on canoe trips on the Mississippi River.”

Wilderness Inquiry officials have stressed that specifics, such as the

proposed locations of campgrounds, sanitary facilities, and other

amenities, have not yet been established. On its website, however,

Wilderness Inquiry is already advertising the urban canoe experience:

“Paddle the oldest highway in Minnesota and get to know the Twin Cities

in a whole new way. Learn about historic Fort Snelling while you camp

in its shadow on Picnic Island.”

Both Picnic Island and Grey Cloud Island – the campsites identified by

Wilderness Inquiry’s online route description – are places of immense

historical, cultural, and spiritual significance to the Dakota people.

The proposed Picnic Island camp is adjacent to Pike Island, considered

by many Dakota to be the birthplace of their nation. It is also within

a stone’s throw of the Fort Snelling Concentra-tion Camp, where 1700

Dakota people were imprisoned in the winter of 1862-1863 following the

U.S.-Dakota war. An estimated 300 Dakota died of malnutrition, disease,

and exposure.

On November 11, 1865, more blood was spilled on the site when Dakota

leaders Sakpe and Medicine Bottle were hanged at Fort Snelling for

defending their people in the war.

While the UWCA plan is yet to be finalized, at least one organization

is already using Fort Snelling as a recreational campground. Despite

the site’s tragic history, a group called Friends of the Mississippi

River continues to hold its annual campout at the fort. In conjunction

with Mississippi River Challenge 2009, the Friends’ 6th annual

fundraising event, hundreds of paddlers and their supporters will spend

the evening of July 25, “enjoying a hearty meal, live music, cold

beverages including root beer and Summit beer, historic actors and


Evidence of indigenous habitation on Grey Cloud Island, in present day

St. Paul Park, dates to 100 B.C. The island contains the greatest

concentration of burial mounds in the region. The Mdewakanton band

headed by Medicine Bottle lived on Grey Cloud Island until forced to

vacate under the 1837 treaty.